Penner & Associates - Mexico Law Firm and Business Consulting for Mexico

For professional assistance & information on legal & business matters regarding Mexico and Latin America, please contact:

Please contact us at our Mexico offices located at:
Apartado Postal No. 9
San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, Mexico
TEL. US.: (800) 856-5709
Local Phone (415) 152-3648

e-mail E-MAIL


At our Phoenix or Mexico Offices
P.O. Box 42773
Phoenix, Arizona 85080
Tel: (623) 242-7442

e-mail E-MAIL

Montecito no. 38 Piso 37 Oficina 37
Edificio World Trade Center
Colonia Napolis C.P. 03810
Mexico, Distrito Federal

Tel: (55)5351-0438



NAFTA (The North American Free Trade Agreement)

Choose one or more The NAFTA Agreement ,Qualifying under NAFTA , NAFTA Facts , Links, Listings of Products under NAFTA.

(For related webpages on this site see : "Customs" , Import/Export, "Maquila/Pitex Programs" , "Maquiladora Notes")


The NAFTA Agreement. The North American Free Trade Agreement was entered into by and between Canada, The United States of America and the United Mexican States (Mexico) as of January 1, 1994.

It's objectives are to increase the competitiveness of the three participating countries in the commercial markets both locally and internationally, promote fair competition between the signers, provide proper protection of Intellectual Property rights and to determine the procedures for resolution of disputes between the three countries. Another way of saying it that NAFTA is designed to counterbalance the strength of the other major trading powers in the world against that of the three parties to the agreement. The specific other powers it may seek to counterbalance are Japan and the European Community.

Qualifying under NAFTA. In regards to importing into Mexico from the U.S. (exporting from the U.S.A.), you should verify whether your U.S. product qualifies under NAFTA. To do this you first contact the Foreign Trade Division of the U.S. Census Bureau and ask for a "harmonized tariff schedule number" or "classification" for the product you are inquiring about or you go to the web site of: ( ). Then you can contact the Mexico desk officer at the U.S. Department of Commerce (in Washington D.C.) at telephone (202) 482-0300, where a trade specialist will give you the duty rate for your product based on the "harmonized tariff schedule number" you got from the Census Bureau. You can also contact the U.S. NAFTA Help Desk at telephone (202) 927-0066 or the U.S. Trade Information Center at telephone (800) 872-8723.

NAFTA Facts. A source for NAFTA facts is to call telephone (202) 482-4464 and request they send you documents 5000 and 5001 (they can fax them or mail them I believe). While you are on the telephone with them ,you might investigate whether they have other documents that may be of importance to you.

Links Sites relative to NAFTA are:

The General Secretariat :

The Nafta Border Home Page :

The text of Nafta :

Nafta Net - private site related to the NAFTA Agreement)

Directory of Companies that wish to profit from Nafta

Writings on textile & apparel

Nafta Connect


Listings of Products under NAFTA.

The flowing is a partial list of products that have been and will be permitted to be exported from the U.S. to Mexico under NAFTA. It is always wise to verify the exemptedness with the U.S. Customs Code and the Mexican Customs Code. A good sources to contact for this verification and to perform the crossing are the U.S. and Mexico private customs agents who are in the business of helping their clients in customs matters.

Permitted as of the signing of the Agreement (January 1, 1994):

Aircraft, Amplifiers, Bakery equipment, Bakery ovens, Bottling equipment, Brewer equipment, Bulldozers, Cellular telephones, Christmas trees, Domestic sewing machines hardware, Dry cleaning equipment, Elevators, Fertilizers, Fresh fruit, Garbage disposal, Garlic, Insecticides or Herbicides, Manual Typewriters, Meat processing equipment, Medical sterilization equipment, Microwave ovens, Packaging equipment, Photo copiers, Portable calculators, Professional ironing equipment, Telephone answering machines, Television cameras, Textile processing equipment, Tomato juice, Tractors (both new and used), Video cassette recorders.

Permitted as of January 1, 1999

Brandies, Clothes dryers, Computers, Conventional ovens, Cotton trousers, Domestic scales, Electric shavers, Electric typewriters, Malt liquor, Plums, Portable radios, Refrigerator compressors, Refrigerators (two door type), Register boxes, Station-wagons, Sugar processing equipment, Telephones, Televisions, Tires, Toasters.

Permitted as of January 1, 2004

Air compressors, Apples, Blenders, Chicken, Coffee makers, Drill presses, Electric irons, Hair dryers, New cars, Potatoes, Refrigerators, Soldering guns, Sausage, Turkey, Vacuum cleaners, Washing machine.

Permitted as of January 1, 2009

Beans, Corn, Orange juice, Powered milk, Used Cars, Tuna.